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如何快速高效地應對雅思閱讀多選題?

來源:  瀏覽:2484      發布日期:2019-04-11 16:38:10

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我們可以注意到這樣一個事實:雅思閱讀多項選擇題答題的正確率低。如果考生能在題型特點上多些思考,根據具體多選題的不同特點調整解題步驟,同題異做,便可望在解題速度及正確率方面大有改觀,本文將對如何快速高效地應對雅思閱讀多選題淺議一二。

雅思閱讀中的多選題包括多選一(通常為4選1)和多選多(多為5或6項中選出2或3項符合原文內容的),題目均由2部分構成:題干和選項。在4選1的題型中,題干通??煞譃?類:general/ specific. 前者題干的內容所指一般較寬泛,籠統,典型的如:What is the writer’s main point … ? / In the first paragraph the writer makes the point that blind people…。

如果考生按照傳統做法依此意到原文中尋找,往往耗時耗力,結果卻未免正確,明智的做法是先將下面的4個選項一一讀過,并留意它們的核心意義,和彼此之間的區別,以利于接下來的甄別和判斷,然后再到文章中對應;另外一種比較specific的題干恰恰相反,是指題干的內容所指相對較具體,這時則無需讀下面的選項了,因為要到原文中去尋找的內容已然清楚了,多讀選項內容就顯得意義不大了,反而會耗去一些時間。今天,達美小編又給大家搜刮來一些方法技巧,好好看看吧:

一、明確告知選項個數

隨便翻一道多選題,閱讀它的題目指令,就會發現任何一道多選都不會藏頭露尾,它總是很坦然地告訴你,你要選2個,或者3個,或者4個…


例1:劍5T1P1:
Questions 1-3
ChooseTHREElettersA-H
Write your answersinboxes 1-3 on your answer sheet.
NBYour answers maybe given in any order.
WhichTHREEof thefollowing statements are true of Johnson'sDictionary?

例2:劍8T3P2:
Questions 14-18
ChooseFIVEletters,A-K.
Write the correctletters inboxes 14-18 on your answer sheet.
NBYour answers maybe given in any order.
Below are listedsome popular beliefs about genius and giftedness.
WhichFIVEof thesebeliefs are reported by the writer of the text?

二、選項數對應題量

國內考試中的多選題,一般不告訴你選幾個,而且最可怕還在于多選少選就不給分,必須得剛好選到正確數量的正確選項。而雅思考試不但直接告訴你選幾個,而且更NICE的是每個選項都是一道題,所以只要你選對一個,就可以得到一個勾。比如上面例1是選THREE,所以給到的題號是1-3;例2是選FIVE, 所以給到題號14-18.而且,每道題都會有個NB(請注意),很溫馨地提示你,Your answers may be given in any order.也就是說,在這幾個題號中,你只要選到對的選項填上對的字母即可。

三、正確答案相對集中

關于多選題的解答,還有至關重要的一點是它有針對性的范圍,從來沒有一道多選是要看完全文才能做的,所以我們說,多選題的正確答案,一般集中在1-2段。


如上例2,題目指令說:
Below arelistedsome popular beliefsabout genius and giftedness.
WhichFIVEof thesebeliefs are reported by the writer of the text?

考生應當根據提示,去文中尋找描述“popularbeliefs”的段落:
原文:The concept ofgenius and of gifts has become part of our folk culture, and attitudes areambivalent towards them. We envy the gifted and mistrust them. In the mythologyof giftedness, it is popularly believed that if people are talented in onearea, they must be defective in another, that intellectuals are impractical,…

這個時候,考生應該果段使用SKIM跳讀法,每段看個開頭一兩句,基本就能定位到段落。

劍橋系列所有多選中唯一一道令人定位困難的,是劍5第一篇,即以上所舉例
1.
題干中能用以定位的信息只有這一句:
WhichTHREEof thefollowing statements are true ofJohnson'sDictionary?

而題中唯一可定位的詞Johnson'sDictionary又剛好是本篇文章的大標題,因此有考生以為這組多選是要看全文的,但是我們若留意選項,會發現所以選項都是針對Dictionary的,所以只要尋找到直接描述Dictionary相關信息的段落即可。
A It avoided allscholarly words.
B It was the onlyEnglish dictionary in general use for 200 years.
C It was famousbecause of the large number of people involved.
D It focused mainlyon language from contemporary texts.
E There was a timelimit for its completion.
F It ignored workdone by previous dictionary writers.
G It took intoaccount subtleties of meaning.
H Its definitionswere famous for their originality.

讓我們跳讀一下原文------

P1: For thecenturybefore Johnson's Dictionarywas published in 1775, there had been concernabout the state of the English language. … (顯然不是)
P2: There had, ofcourse, beendictionaries in the past, …(顯然不是)
P4:Johnsonwas apoet and critic who raised common sense to the heights of genius…(顯然還不是)
P5:The workwasimmense; filling about eighty large notebooks (and without a library to hand),Johnson wrote thedefinitions of over 40,000 words, and illustrated their manymeanings with some114,000 quotationsdrawn from English writing on everysubject, from the Elizabethans to his own time. (BINGO,找到了!!!)

四、按文章順序答題

最后一點,找到題目所對應的段落之后,應按文章順序答題。因為選項無序,且有一些選項是混淆項。但是文章內容多,選項多,怎樣才能有條理地篩選而不至于大腦容量不夠,則應采取以下原則:每看原文一到兩句,到選項中篩選一次,把能選的選出,能排的排掉,然后再讀一到兩句,再進行一次排選。以此類推,直至選到全部選項。

當然,如果考生腦容量較大,則可以選閱讀選項,記住每個選項關鍵詞,然后對原文相應段落進行掃讀,對于踩點的原句進行細讀,沒有踩點的句子則迅速帶過。如此,也能順利解決多選題。方法可以因人而異,只要將其特點牢記于心,則萬變不離其宗,問題便可迎刃而解!

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